The Strongman FAQ 1.3
by Tapio Ojanaho
Information last updated: June 20th, 1996.
Table of contents:
- What are Strongman competitions?
- What is the history of modern Strongman competitions?
- What is the strongman scene like in Finland and in other countries?
- Who does well in Strongman competitions?
- Who are the top contenders?
- Which countries turn out the best competitors?
- How to familiarize with the sport?
- Is there an organization behind these competitions?
A typical strongman competition consists of six events. The first
three events are used to qualify eight finalists for the last three
events. There are about fifteen different events established so far.
The promoter of a particular competition chooses from among these.
Many of these events are adopted from traditional, centuries old
contests like Scottish Highland Games and the Basque contests in
Spain. Variations of regular powerlifts are used to test pure strength.
The composition of competitions must vary to prevent favoring
certain (types of) competitors. For example, if you have two pressing
events, you make it easier for Olympic lifters and powerlifters.
Qualifying heats must be arranged if there are many competitors.
Usually 10-15 men are invited to compete in a regular competition,
as a larger number would make the competition unbearably long. In
major contests like World's Strongest Man, qualifying heats and final
heats are held on separate days. Some of the most common events are:
Walk -- Competitors carry heavy "suitcases" weighing
about 110 kg (245 lbs) in each hand for a set distance, and compete
for the fastest time. Otherwise, they compete for total distance.
Walk -- Distance event. A car with roof and floor removed is
carried with harnesses as far as possible. Usually the load is
around 350-400 kg (775-880 lbs). A Finnish invention.
-- Timed event. Five heavy objects weighing 100-150 kg (220-335
lbs) are loaded onto a truck bed or onto some kind of platform. The
course is about 15 m (50 ft) long and the objects range from treasure
chests, to sacks of sand, to ship anchors.
Stones -- Timed event. Five heavy round stones weighing 110-150
kg (220-335 lbs) are put on top of high barrels. The course is about
5-10 m (16-33 ft) long. Scottish tradition.
*Truck Pulling -- Timed event. A heavy vehicle is pulled across a
"finish-line" hand-over-hand style with a 30 m (100 ft) rope
as fast as possible. Sometimes the vehicle is pulled with a harness.
*Log-Press / Stone-Press -- Strength event. Heaviest possible load is
pressed overhead or lighter weight is done for repetitions.
Hold -- Timed event. A competitor stands in a cable-cross-type
machine with 130 kg (290 lb) weighted cable handles in each hand. Grip
strength is tested for time.
*Stone Lift -- Strength event. Heaviest possible stone is lifted
to shoulder height. From the Basque tradition.
*Log Throw / Caber toss -- Strength event. A five meter long log
is thrown for distance or for height over a bar. The distance throw is
from the Scottish tradition.
throw -- Strength event. A 15-20 kg (33-45 lb) weight, usually a
large ingot, is thrown for height over a bar.
*Tug of War -- One on one tug of war in a single-elimination
tournament. Competitors pair-off based on their current point
*Pole Pushing -- One on one pole pushing in a Sumo-style ring in a
single-elimination tournament. The pole has handles at either end.
-- Weights are held straight out at the sides for time.
*Car Rolling -- Rolling cars over different courses.
*Variations on individual powerlifts. For example, squatting a
platform full of children on rails.
*Every year the best promoters invent new events that are exciting
and hopefully pose less risk of injury to the athletes in this
demanding sport. One of these was "bleacher wheelbarrow"
filled with people in 1995's competitions. One funny event we have in
Finland is "megaskiing".
The World's Strongest Man competition has been held annually since
1977. In 1995 it was held in the Bahamas; South Africa in 1994; France
in 1993. It is by far the most important competition in the world. In
the 1980's this competition produced various national championships as
qualifiers to the upper-level. Nowadays every influential country has
their own national contest to find the best athlete for the World's
The BBC (British Broadcasting Company) has been a driving force in
popularizing this sport. The BBC sells the show around the world.
Trans World International produces this competition for BBC.
There are about ten international competitions staged in Finland
every year. Among these are the European Hercules and the Finnish Open.
In addition, there are several local competitions. Almost fifty
athletes are entered in the Finnish
Nationals to be held on the 13th of April -- an impressive number
of competitors! I wonder how they will organize the qualification heats
so it runs smoothly. The winner of this competition is invited to
compete in the World's Strongest.
The sports arenas in Finland are especially crowded for the three
previously mentioned competitions. Also, the local competitions
fascinate the public more than powerlifting or bodybuilding contests.
Presumably the sport is popular in other countries, but I don't have
details about them (does anyone? - please give feedback).
Obviously strength is an important qualification for competitors.
Not surprisingly, powerlifters do well, but competitors must have
all-around strength and athletic abilities. Tremendous explosive power
and superb endurance are required to cope with the pushing and pulling
of different objects required of competitors throughout the competition.
Competitions of this type demand such a wide repertoire of capacities
that specialized training is required to excel. Heavyweight
bodybuilders have sometimes done well, owing to their usually better
aerobic capacities as compared to powerlifters.
In the 1980's America's Bill Kazmaier and Iceland's
Jon-Pall Sigmarsson dominated the sport with Sigmarsson winning the
world title for four times (most recently in 1990) and Kazmaier three
times. In 1989 it was UK'sJamie Reeves.
In the 90's Iceland's Magnus Ver Magnusson
has won the title three times (1991, 1994 and 1995), Holland's Ted van
der Parre won in 1992 and UK's Gary Taylor won in 1993. All of these
men have a strong background in powerlifting, and they are all large
men, averaging about 192 cm (6'4") and 135 kg (300 lbs).
Bill Kazmaier retired in the 80's and Jon-Pall died in 1992. His
aorta was torn while deadlifting in the gym -- an injury attributable
to a family related heart debility. Magnus Ver Magnusson has said that
Jon-Pall was aware of this weakness, as his sister suffered from same
thing. The other champions mentioned are still active.
Some of the other contenders:
Manfred Hoeberl -- Austrian with lots of coverage in bb-magazines
(eg. profile in the April '96 issue of MMI) and runner-up in world's
strongest 1994. He has recovered well from a serious car accident.
Joe Onosai -- Samoa's gift to American football's Dallas Cowboys
and also a former powerlifter.
Forbes Cowan -- Three time Scotland's Strongest Man.
Gerrit Badenhorst -- A South African with three world titles in
powerlifting and also a runner-up in World's Strongest Man in 1995.
Considered one of the top-five strongest of all time by Powerlifting
USA's Brian Batcheldor.
Riku Kiri -- Four time Finnish national champion, twice placed
third in the World's Strongest. Considered one of the top-five
strongest of all time by Powerlifting USA's Brian Batcheldor.
Marko Varalahti -- 6'9" Finn with one Finnish national title
and a third place showing in the World's Strongest in 1995.
One rising star is German Heinz Ollesch -- 195cm and 160 kg
(6'5" and 360 lbs).
An American star is missed badly, as Bill Kazmaier's shoes are
still waiting to be filled.
The sport's strongest nations currently are Iceland, UK, South
Africa and Finland. Magnus Ver Magnusson while competing in the
Finnish Open Championships on 10th of March 1995, stated that he had
never seen so many high-caliber contenders as in Finland.
If you want to familiarize yourself with the sport, you can
purchase VHS-copies of these competitions. Brian Batcheldor wrote a
complete report of World's 1994 in the February '95 issue of
Powerlifting USA. Also, I think David Webster has written some books
of history's strongest men. Look for the small ads in the muscle
The rights to the World's Strongest Man competition are owned by
Trans World International (TWI). David Webster of Scotland was head
coordinator of the competition since 1977. As he wanted to retire,
Douglas Edmunds of Scotland, a former contender, took over the
position. David Webster is still very involved in organizing this
competition -- he is the secretary of the International Federation
of Strength Athletes (IFSA). These two men are responsible of inviting
the competitors and choosing the events.
In 1995, these two and representatives of the competitors formed
a governing body called the IFSA. The IFSA is organizing it's first
European Championships to be held in Helsinki Finland on 18 May 1996.
The IFSA is working with BBC and TWI to organize the World's Strongest
Man competition later in 1996.
I cannot supply the address of IFSA because I haven't got it. If
it's really important, I can give the phone number of Mr. Edmunds
(President of IFSA).
Copyright © 1996-1998 Powersys Oy ltd.
The information in section 8 was supplied by Mr. Ilkka Kinnunen,
head of the Scandinavian IFSA.
Thanks to Michael Leary
for help with the particulars of the English idiom.
Page last modified: March 1st, 1998